A TEACHING AID FOR HEAD AND NECK ANATOMY
BRIEF: To create a life-size wax sculpture and produce a 3D interactive model of it for use as a teaching aid for head and neck anatomy
AUDIENCE: Public, medical and anatomy students
SERVICES USED: 3D Illustration, Multimedia, Interactive Content, Layout Design
MEDIA: Plastic anatomically-correct human skull, acrylic eyes, modelling wax, sculpting tools, oil paint, Canon EOS 550D DSLR camera, Agisoft PhotoScan, ZBrush, Sketchfab
FINAL OUTCOME: Physical wax sculpture, teaching poster and interactive 3D model
The project brief was to create a life-size wax sculpture that demonstrated anatomy of the head and neck. A plastic anatomically-correct human skull and acrylic eyes were provided as a foundation for the sculpture and white modelling wax was given as the main medium. For the sculpture, the aim was to manipulate, sculpt and build the wax onto the skull to create additional anatomy of the head and neck. For the 3D interactive model, either photogrammetry or 3D scanning could be used to capture the sculpture. The 3D model can be integrated digitally into teaching modules, or downloaded and 3D printed.
WHY THE ANATOMY OF RAGE?
The facial expression of rage was chosen as it is distinctive, emotive and powerful. It offers a range of anatomical structures for demonstration, involves a number of contracted facial muscles and shows strong expression lines. As well as a teaching aid for muscles used in facial expression, the viewers’ reaction to the sculpture could potentially be studied, seeing whether it evokes emotion, discomfort or feelings in the viewer and to what degree.
Rage is defined as intense or violent anger and is one of the most primal emotions. It can be seen in humans and many other species, and is an innate emotional system passed down through evolution that helps contribute to survival. At its core, rage provides two main roles:
- As an emotion to prepare the subject for attack (e.g. exposing teeth avoids hurting the lips in the process of biting)
- As a signal to warn, intimidate and threaten other animals that they have invaded the subject’s territory or have challenged the subject’s rank.